Japanese firefighters' personal fire equipment indicators

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I. Indicators for Personal Fire Protection Equipment

( A ) The required performance of fire protection clothing.

1 . The so-called fireproof clothing, in principle, refers to upper and lower clothing ( open type ) consisting of tops and pants .

2 . Based on ISO ( International Organization for Standardization ) specifications and the like, the fire extinguishing and the necessary performance such as required heat resistance are exhibited.

3 . In order to protect the firefighters and ensure their safety, the front and back of the fire protection suit are critical.

4 . To ensure the safety of firefighters in smoke and night activities, consider using reflective materials.

5 . In principle, fire protection clothing itself has passed performance tests.

6 . The main performance requirements of fire protection clothing are as follows:

(1) It has flame resistance, heat resistance and other protective properties against fire and heat;

(2) Has tensile strength, tearing, and other mechanical strength properties;

(3) Has anti-chemical resistance properties such as liquid chemical resistance;

(4) Heat resistance, material quality and other comfort performance and exercise performance;

(5) has water resistance, anti-static and other properties. .

7 . The performance test is performed in principle according to the test method specified in ISO or JIS .

( II ) Performance required for fireproof gloves

1 . The requirements for fireproof gloves during fire extinguishing are the same as those for fireproof clothing on the back side of the hand, with emphasis on burn resistance and heat resistance. The palm side is characterized by its resistance to burning, heat and activity.

2 . The back side of the hand is subject to the same flame and heat as fire protection clothing. Therefore, fire resistance and heat resistance are required to have the same performance as fire protection clothing.

3 . Considering the use of fireproof gloves, it is required to have resistance to abrasion, abrasion, and cut resistance.

4 . From the point of view of mobility, it is required that the palm side has anti-slip properties.

5 . In order to prevent burns or water from the wrist, special structures have been designed.

6 . The main performance requirements for fireproof gloves are as follows:

(1) It has flame resistance, heat resistance and other protective properties against fire and heat;

(2) It has mechanical strength such as tensile strength and tear resistance. In addition, liquid chemicals permeability, surface wettability, water repellency, and water resistance are taken according to actual conditions in cold regions and other regions.

7 . The performance test is performed in principle according to the test method specified in ISO or JIS .

Performance (c) Fire shoes required.

1 . During the extinguishing activities, safety and functionality are required to deal with various hazards, such as items dropped from heights and stepping on nails.

2 . In addition to the anti-static properties of fire fighting clothing, it is necessary to meet the specifications of safety shoes , that is, the performance of Japanese industrial specifications.

3 . The heat resistance and other performance required for fire extinguishing activities not specified in the Japanese Industrial Standards refer to ISO specifications, etc., while seeking the performance and integrity required for fireproof clothing, fireproof gloves, and fireproof caps.

4 . Put a flat plate on the sole and middle layer to prevent stepping on the nail.

5 . Design a hard pad on the toe area to prevent toeing when things fall.

6 . The main performance requirements for fire protection shoes are as follows:

(1) It has flame resistance, heat resistance and other protective properties against fire and heat;

(2) Has the mechanical strength properties such as resistance to pull and nails;

(3) Has anti-chemical resistance properties such as liquid chemical resistance;

(4) with anti-static properties.

7 . The performance test is performed in principle according to the test method specified by ISO or BS .

( d ) The required performance of fire caps.

1 . The basic composition of the fire caps specified in the index is the hat itself ( hat, cushion ball, dress body, and cap strap ) shield and neck guard.

2 . In principle, fire caps should cover the head and neck.

3 . Based on the fire extinguishing activities inside the room, it is necessary to deal with objects that come and go, as well as the danger of slumping, and it is necessary to meet the specifications of safety helmets based on labor safety and hygiene laws.

4 . The heat resistance that is not specified in the specification of the helmet and the performance required for other fire extinguishing activities are based on JIS and ISO specifications.

5 . In principle, the performance and integrity required for fireproof clothing, fireproof gloves and fireproof shoes should be sought.

6 . The part of the fire cap that may be in direct contact with the flame ( cap, shield, and neck guard ) requires fire resistance and heat resistance.

7 . The material of the neck portion is cloth, so it is based on the required performance of the fireproof clothing.

8 . The main performance requirements of fire caps are as follows:

(1) It has flame resistance, heat resistance and other protective properties against fire and heat;

(2) Having mechanical properties such as cushioning and penetration resistance;

(3) exercise performance ( weight ) ;

(4) Conductivity.

9 . In principle, performance tests of helmets should be based on test methods specified in ISO , JIS, or hard hat specifications.

This article comes from "Firefighting Technology" and was reorganized and edited by China Rescue Equipment Network.

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